Periodontal Disease (Gum Disease)

Your dentist or hygienist can diagnose periodontal disease through your regular dental check-up, and guide you toward the most effective solution. A periodontal probe is used to determine pocket depths, which (along with amount of bleeding, inflammation, tooth mobility, and other factors) will indicate whether periodontal disease exists and how much it has progressed.

  • When you have irritation, redness and inflammation of your gums, it is usually due to gingivitis, a common and mild form of periodontal disease, the cause of which is usually poor oral hygiene. Gingivitis can easily lead to more advanced gum disease.
  • The best solution is to step up your regimen of brushing at least twice a day, flossing daily, and getting regular dental checkups.
  • Be sure to communicate with your hygienist, who can give you tips on how to prevent recurrence.
  • Advanced gum disease can be caused by a serious gum infection, periodontitis, which damages soft tissue and destroys bone that supports your teeth.
  • With periodontitis, the pocket depths between the gum and teeth are deeper than 5mm, where, in a normal mouth, they are between 1mm and 3mm.
  • In the dental exam, your High Mesa Dental Arts dentists can help you understand the causes, level of advancement of the disease, and whether less invasive procedures can be used to resolve the disease, such as scaling, root planing, and antibiotics.
  • If you have advanced periodontitis, your dental team here at your High Mesa Dental Arts can work with you to successfully resolve the disease through dental surgery.

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